Engineering Technicians read and review project drawings and plans to determine the sizes of structures, observe project sites and evaluate contractors’ work to detect problems with a design, and help to ensure that project construction conforms to design specifications and applicable codes. Also, Technicians confer with engineers about preparing plans, evaluate field conditions, and develop plans and estimate costs for constructing systems and operating facilities. During and after projects, Engineering Technicians use computer design software under the charge of engineers, set up and help maintain project files and records, and prepare reports and document project activities and data.
Maintenance Crew Leaders manage a small crews by prioritizing projects, assigning work tasks, using equipment, maintaining records, monitoring work quality and work schedules, insuring crew safety, training employees, and providing performance feedback. Crew Leaders also perform a wide variety of maintenance tasks such as removing trash, leaves, debris, and snow from facilities and public areas, repairing and maintaining public buildings and facilities, and maintaining public infrastructure, installing driveway pipe, patching asphalt or concrete, cleaning streets and storm drains, and related tasks. This position also entails instructing employees in proper work methods and standards, monitoring crew work quality, insuring adherence to time schedules and safe work practices, and providing performance feedback and input into performance reviews.
Road Construction Workers have duties ranging from installing the cones, signs and barricades that warn drivers and control the flow of traffic, acting as flagmen to stop or direct traffic, clearing debris from the work site, using jackhammers to break up existing pavement and tending equipment such as cement mixers or asphalt heaters. Road construction workers are typically trained by employers on the job, but some contractor associations and trade unions offer apprenticeship programs. During an apprenticeship, workers spend two to four years attending class part-time and working part-time while earning a wage. Apprentices normally need to be at least 18, and program sponsors usually prefer candidates who have graduated high school or earned an equivalency diploma.
Road Construction Supervisors oversee the done at a road construction site, including managing construction crews, inspecting ongoing work, ensuring adherence to state and local codes, arranging for necessary equipment, and keeping construction project costs at or, if possible, under budget. Road construction supervisors are responsible for the projects from beginning to end, including staffing, budgets, maintaining policies, keeping the site safe and maintaining a set schedule.
Highway Maintenance Technicians are responsible for maintaining local roads and streets in a given area, ensuring that requests for repairs are actioned and that all highways and footways are well maintained. Also, Technicians design highways maintenance schemes to cover resurfacing, drainage repairs and improvements to roads and footpaths, inspect roads to identify structural defects and safety issues, calculate costs of maintenance, analyze the impact maintenance work will have on the environment, investigate maintenance requests submitted by members of the public. To produce technical drawings and specifications, Technicians use CAD (computer-aided design) technology. Lastly, Highway Maintenance Technicians oversee practical maintenance of roads and streets, direct traffic during repair operations, perform roadside landscaping including clearing weeds and trimming trees, sweep debris from surfaces and structures, spread sand, asphalt, gravel, and clay, clean and repair drainage systems, bridges, tunnels, and other structures.
Highway Maintenance Workers are responsible for preparing broken and eroding pavement on highways, rural, and municipal roads. The position includes repairing runways, rights-of-way, broken roads on highway, town, and city roads, detached or dented guardrails, clearing debris from roads, patching potholes, filling road washouts, and cleaning storm drains. Maintenance Workers are also responsible for operating machinery to dig up holes and pouring and smoothing out concrete, setting up cones and signs to alert motorists, painting dividing lines between traffic lanes, laying asphalt, patrolling roads for hazards, snow/ice conditions, and maintenance/repair needs, placing stop signs and speed limit signs along roads, installing and cleaning culverts, and flagging traffic to form detours around construction.