The EU recognizes that urban transport plays a fundamental role in meeting the objectives of economic competitiveness, social cohesion and sustainable growth. In accordance with the subsidiarity principle, the EU is supporting local governments in tackling mobility issues which form common patterns across Europe.
Demand for passenger and freight transport is constantly increasing in cities and towns, contributing to congestion, pollution, and traffic accidents. Combating congestion is a common challenge for governments and transport authorities in all EU Member States. According to the EU, putting current mobility trends on a sustainable path requires a total rethink of urban mobility.
Local decision makers need to deliver sustainable and integrated transport policies that optimize the use of all transport modes in the urban network for both passengers and goods. The challenge is to respond to citizens' requirements for accessible, reliable, and safe transport. Meeting these challenges requires forward looking policies that incorporate innovative measures to meet pressing societal challenges and environmental constraints.
EU-funded research on urban transport is directed to supporting local decision makers in delivering sustainable and integrated policies and offering smart and green solutions. Fundamental research is backed by demonstration projects and pioneering initiatives to accelerate market take-up in cities and towns in Europe and elsewhere.
An essential element is sharing innovative solutions among local authorities and thus the exchange of research results and best practices is incorporated in research programs.